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Effect of nutrigenetics in athletic performance

Dr. Korkut Ulucan

Nutrigenomics, or in other words, nutritional genomics, is the branch of molecular genetics examining the effect of foods on our genes and how individual genetic endowment can effect the way we respond to nutrients in the foods we eat.

Published on 17 November 2015

Concerning Immunosuppression

Dr. Thomas Ryzlewicz

Organ Transplantation had developed to a regular therapy since more than 35 years. Tremendous success had reached. Looking the results over the decades, a clear improvement of the survival of the organs had reached in the first years following the individual transplantation. An essential part of this great success have the Immunosuppressive Drugs.

Published on 04 December 2015

Papillomavirus induced tumors in animals

Dr. Giuseppe Borzacchiello

Breed predisposition is one of the most considered risk factor and it is currently known that some breeds appear to be at increased risk of developing some cancer types, suggesting genetics predisposition. This is the case of histiocytic sarcoma which mainly affect some dog breeds, e.g. Bernese mountain dog, Flat coated retrievers.

Published on 01 April 2016

Presenting the Journal of Oncological Studies

Dr. Mutian Zhang

Oncology has reached its most current stage, which emphasizes precise and personalized treatments, in addition to accurate diagnosis and cancer prevention. As a result, clinicians and researchers are becoming increasingly specialized. Simultaneously, elucidation of information in each specialized field is exploding. There are, accordingly, countless scholarly journals that concentrate on the nuanced and specialized fields of oncological research and practice. Realizing that the ultimate goal of oncological study is patient care, I am very interested in knowing to what degree clinicians are concerned with progress in oncological studies (including outside their specific discipline), and if so, which journals are their best resources to provide high-quality multidisciplinary information. 

Published on 02 October 2016

Targeted editing of avian herpesvirus vaccine vector using CRISPR/Cas9 nuclease

Prof. Venugopal Nair OBE

Herpesvirus of turkey (HVT) is an avian alphaherpesvirus used as live vaccine against Marek's disease for more than 40 years. Here, we describe the application of CRISPR/Cas9-based genome editing as a rapid and efficient method of introducing targeted mutations to the genome of a live herpesvirus vaccine vector using a transfection-infection system. This approach offers a simple and efficient method to manipulate HVT genome for gene function studies and rapid development of recombinant vaccines.

Published on 15 November 2016

Application and properties of nanometer RDX in PBX

Mr.Jie Liu

In the present work, nanometer RDX-based polymer bonded explosive (PBX) was prepared using a solution-water slurry technique. The obtained PBX is composed of 94.5 % of RDX, 3% of dinitrotoluene (DNT), 0.5% of stearic acid (SA) and 2% of polyvinyl acetate (PVAc).

Published on 14 December 2016

Patients beliefs about gastric banding

Dr.Jude Hancock Dr.Sue Jackson Dr.Andrew Johnson

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) surgery may be an option for tackling obesity in individuals who are unable to lose weight using behavioural methods alone. Beliefs about LAGB are likely to change as experience of living with a LAGB is gained.

Published on 23 December 2016

A life cycle comparison of different organic waste management options: The role of the energetic mix

Dr. Francesco Di Maria

Life cycle assessment was used to evaluate different options for managing the organic fraction (OF) of municipal solid waste at source segregation (SS) intensities of 25% and 52%. Incineration was shown to be the best management option for processing the OF remaining in the residual waste.

Published on 02 January 2017

Specific Interactions between Bovine Serum Albumin and Monensin A: Molecular Description Through Theoretical Calculations

Dr Otávio Augusto Chaves

The interaction between Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA), one of the standard proteins used to study the bioavailability of biological molecules in the bloodstream, and Monensin A (MONA), a commercial drug used in veterinary medicine, was studied by molecular docking and semi-empirical calculations.

Published on 06 January 2017

Percent Excess Weight Loss (%EWL) or Percent Excess Body Mass Index Loss (%EBMIL)? Determination of a conversion factor to unify the two formulas

Dr.Antonio Martin-Duce

The reality today is the frequent application of the percent of excess weight loss (%EWL) formula requiring the use of the complex concept of ideal weight. Whereas, the percent of excess body mass index loss (%EBMIL) formula, advocated as the best equation for reporting results in bariatric surgery, aims to avoid it.

Published on 30 January 2017

The Infrared Absorption of Protein Molecules with α- helix Conformation and its Properties

Dr. Pang Xiao-Feng

In order to investigate the relationship of molecular structure of protein molecules with its functions, The experimental results show that there is a new band of 1650cm-1 close to the conventional amide-I band of 1666cm-1 or 1670cm-1 and many other peaks for vibration of amide-I in the two protein molecules.

Published on 03 March 2017

Wireless Point-Of-Care Health Monitoring Systems for Sleep Disorders

Dr. Sechang Oh

More than 40 million people in the United States have been suffering from chronic sleep disorders. More than 50 % of them remain undiagnosed and untreated, and it results in spending over $22 billion in unnecessary healthcare costs because of undiagnosed and untreated sleep disorders.

Published on 28 March 2017

Organic synthesis and chemical analysis

Dr. Miguel Yus

Chemical analysis is very important in many sciences. On reflection, we also realize that it constitutes a cornerstone in our lives and societies as well. This will not only be beneficial for scientists in many disciplines; it will also make it possible to manage the use of chemicals in industry.

Published on 27 March 2017

Countermeasures and Suggestions on Urban Wetland Conservation and Restoration in the Progress of Urbanization

Dr. Zhao min

Wetland constitutes an important part of the ecological system, while urban wetland is indispensable in ecological system protection. However, with urbanization speeding up, bottlenecks restricting urban wetland conservation are increased, the aggravating challenge in urban wetland conservation.

Published on 05 April 2017

Mycoplasmas in the brains of animals: An overlooked site of infection

Dr Robin A J Nicholas

Recent experimental infections of sheep have shown histopathological changes caused by this mycoplasma in the CNS. The cattle pathogen, M. bovis, has been reported occasionally in the brains of calves and adult cattle showing a range of histopathological lesions including abscesses and fibrinous meningitis.

Published on 22 March 2017

Polymers of intrinsic microporosity for gas separations

Dr. Li Pei

Today,membrane separation as a green technology is receiving increasing attention because of its intrinsic advantages such as energy saving, easy operation, small scale, high efficiency, etc.Membrane gas separation has been widely applied in different processes, such as O2/N2 separation, etc.

Published on 05 April 2017

Wastewater Management and Re-use from a Nitrogen Based Fertilizer Complex

Dr. Hussameldin Ibrahim

As a resource, water is often overlooked in Canada due to its plentiful availability and low cost. In the nitrogen fertilizer industry waster is used in many areas such as steam generation, product dilution and process stream cooling.

Published on 30 March 2017

'PHARMACOGNOSY': An essential element of health care services

Dr. Ashutosh Pathak

Pharmacognosy is an integrated branch of various subjects viz., Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, Chemistry and Pharmacology. Pharmacognosy deals with the knowledge of natural resources used in the treatment of various diseases and also as dietary supplements, and it plays a critical role in the health care sector.

Published on 08 April 2017

Perspectives on methods development for oxidative stress biomarkers quantification

Dr. Monica Vieira

Oxidative stress is defined as an imbalance of antioxidants and oxidants in favour of the latter, potentially leading to damage and disruption of redox signalling and/or control of molecular damage (Jones, 2006; Sies, 2015). Oxidative stress status determination has been a challenge for scientific community worldwide.

Published on 08 April 2017

An Integrated Process for Producing Potassium Sulfate from Potash Mining Wastes

Dr. Hussameldin Ibrahim

In light of growing world demand for potash, increasing production and competition, and the potential effect on increased waste production by potash refineries, a study was completed to investigate the technical and economic feasibility of producing potassium sulphate (K2SO4) from potash wastes.

Published on 04 April 2017

World Class Genomic Medical Center in India- Association with Division of Medical Genomics George Washington University Medical Center

Dr. Jack Kushner

The aim of Precision Meacine is the realization of medical innovation, including the selection and establishment of the best drugs and treatments for individuals according to prevention of disease in consideration of all kinds of information not only the precise medical information by next-generation sequencers, but also information regarding personal environments.

Published on 11 April 2017

IMMUNOPATHOGENESIS OF LEISHMANIASIS: SOME CHALLENGING ASPECTS

Dr. Luis Aliaga Martinez

The term leishmaniasis (or ‘leishmaniosis’)1 refers to a diverse group of syndromes caused by >20 different species of intracellular protozoan of the genus Leishmania, belonging to the Leishmania and Viannia subgenera1-3. The parasite infection is widely distributed across the tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions in 88 countries1,2.

Published on 10 April 2017

Photocatalysis in darkness. Optimization of sol-gel synthesis of NP-TiO2 supported on a persistent luminescence material and its application for the removal of Ofloxacin from water.

Dr. Federico Locardi

In the present work, a new photocatalyst based on a new persistent luminescence phosphor, PeLM, and NPs-TiO2 was synthesized and the synthesis was optimized using a chemometric approach.

Published on 05 April 2017

Small molecule drugs development: Where to go?

Dr. Yuyong Ma

In recent years, the drug discovery success has been driven mainly by biologics, which currently represent a sizable portion of the top-selling drugs. The advantages including oral availability, relatively easy to make, scalability, and low cost make small molecule drugs still indispensable for human health and well-being.

Published on 14 April 2017

Origin of the star symbol

Dr. Nikolai M Sergienko

Monochromatic optical aberrations distort the quality of the image on the retina of the eye. The Point Spread Function (PSF) expresses how an eye perceives a point-like source. Ancient Egyptians depicted the shapes of night sky images, practically PSF. As a result the five-pointed stars emerged as an hieroglyph in Egyptian writing texts. The star symbol became popular in the world.

Published on 10 April 2017

Nanoparticles control and record (?) Earthquakes propagation at large scales

Dr. Elena Spagnuolo

Frictional motion between sliding contact surfaces is critical to artificial and natural mechanical systems rang- ing from the nanoscale to the kilometres length scale of a seismogenic fault.

Published on 18 April 2017

Feasibility study of power generation from waste water treatment with patchy data

Dr. John P.T. Mo

It is well known that the treatment of waste water produces biogas as a by-product that is harmful to the environment. The Kinoya waste water treatment plan has been flaring the biogas to eliminate the risk to the society.

Published on 14 April 2017

INVESTIGATION OF THE GENOTOXICITY OF SOME NANO-METAL OXIDE PARTICLES BY THE FIBER OPTIC SOS-TYPE BIOSENSOR

Dr. STARODUB NICKOLAJ. F

In this article the main attention was given to the registration level of the genotoxicity of nano-oxide metals such as: AgO, ZnO, CuO, CdO, TiO2, and CeO2.

Published on 20 April 2017

Nanostructure and strength in collagen biomaterials

Dr. Richard Haverkamp

Collagen is the main component of many robust natural materials and some manufactured materials.

Published on 27 April 2017

Detection and Decontamination of Mycotoxins: Nanotechnology Approach

Dr. Alexei Nabok

Detection of toxins, either naturally produced (mycotoxins, microcytin) or human-made (pesticides, herbicides, alkylphenols), is currently one of the hottest topics in biomedical and environmental sciences.

Published on 27 April 2017

Heavy oil upgrading using a new nano catalyst at room temperature

Dr. Awad Mansour

In recent years, global demands of energy have increased due to industrial growth while the worldwide production of conventional crude oil has almost reached its peak. Recent statistics show that there is a decline in light oil production and the composition of produced oil is getting heavier.

Published on 27 April 2017

Core-shell nanoparticles for drug delivery: structural properties and kinetic of the drug release process

Dr. ImreDékány

Self-assembled 3D nanoscale system like multilayered core-shell nanoparticles were synthetized as carrier systems for controlled drug delivery. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (SiNPs d=400 nm) and bovine serum albumin (BSA, d=10nm ) were used for ibuprofen (IBU) -as drug molecule- encapsulation.

Published on 27 April 2017

Antimicrobial properties of ZnO nanostructures: nanoparticles and self-cleaning nanorod-covered surfaces

Dr. Zivile Luksiene

In recent years, a rapid development of nanotechnology opens up whole universe of new possibilities for biomedicine, industry and agriculture.

Published on 27 April 2017

Development of nanocomposite materials enabling to enhance stability and efficiency of hybrid solar cells

Dr. Heming Wang

Si-wafer-based solar cells (SWSGs) currently dominate the photovoltaic market with ~ 90% of the market share. Half of their cost comes from manufacturing of silicon wafers.

Published on 27 April 2017

Nanostructured electrodes for ultrasensitive electrochemical impedance detection of pathogens

Dr. Abebaw Jemere

Nanotechnology has tremendous potential to enhance the performance of biosensors.

Published on 27 April 2017

Nanosensor systems, Nanomedicine and mobile wireless electronics for monitoring and control of cardiovascular diseases and neurological disorders

Dr. Vijay K. Varadan

Nanotechnology has been broadly defined as the one for not only the creation of functional materials and devices as well as systems through control of matter at the scale of 1-100 nm, but also the exploitation of novel properties and phenomena at the same scale.

Published on 27 April 2017

Microfluidic platforms with application of nano technology for microbial wastewater treatment and power generation

Dr. Reza Sadr

Wastewater is an abundant source of organic matter, which can be transformed into biogas while at the same time treating the waste using microbial electrolysis cells (MECs).

Published on 27 April 2017

A nano botanical composition with maximum bioavailability for treatment of diabetes

Dr. Awad Mansour

The composition for treating diabetes, preferably formed of gel or cream, contains Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide), Galega Officinalis, Berberis Vulgaris or extract of them. In particular, the composition is applied on reflexological points of a human body to cause the release of insulin from the patient's pancreas and to enhance the treatment of diabetes.

Published on 27 April 2017

Novel metallic glass composites with optimum antimicrobial and wear performance

Dr. Sergio G Sanchez

In the European Union 8 to 12 % of the inhabitants risk of nosocomial infections. Hospital touch surfaces such as bed rails and handles can be a reservoir of pathogens that cause infections resulting not only in substantial economic losses but even in patient death.

Published on 27 April 2017

Ultrasound assisted preparation of Nanomaterials

Dr. Christos Argirusis

Sonication of liquids with ultrasounds leads to numerous chemical reactions of high energy.

Published on 27 April 2017

Fabrication and characterization of electrospun superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x nanowires and nanowire networks

Dr. Michael R. Koblischka

Superconducting nanowires and nanowire networks of the high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x (Bi-2212) were fabricated by means of electrospinning. Granular nanowires of considerable lengths of up to 100 µm and diameters between 100 and 250 nm result, forming a fabric-like structure with numerous interconnects between the individual nanowires.

Published on 27 April 2017

Structural and morphological characterization of hybrid thin films with superhydrophobic and photoreactive dual properties

Dr. Laszlo Janovak

Superhydrophobic surfaces, with a liquid contact angle θ greater than 150°, have important practical applications.

Published on 27 April 2017

Theranostic gold nanoparticles for paediatric neurosurgical applications in medulloblastoma

Dr. Aaron Tan

Medulloblastoma is the most common and highest grade primary brain tumour in children.

Published on 27 April 2017

Towards High - resolution Retinal Prostheses with Direct Optical Addressing and Inductive Telemetry

Dr. Sohmyung Ha

Sohmyung Ha is an assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at New York University Abu Dhabi.

Published on 27 April 2017

Biocompatible gold nanohybrid structures with tunable plasmonic and fluorescent features: syntheses, structural characterization, possible sensor and biolabelling applications

Dr. Edit Csapo

Gold/biomolecules hybrid nanostructures having characteristic plasmonic or highly photoluminescence features have become one of the most important types of nanomaterials that have been extensively investigated in many fields.

Published on 27 April 2017

Nano/micro porous bilayer dressings for use as a hemostatic agent

Ms. Zeynep Karahaliloglu

Uncontrolled hemorrhage is the most important cause of death in battlefield, emergency and hospital settings.

Published on 27 April 2017

The fabrication of novel nanochannels and their applications

Mr. Kai Xiao

Biological ion channels, which can regulate ionic transport properties through cell membranes mainly embodied in ionic rectification, are very important for the implementation of various significant physiological functions in life processes.

Published on 27 April 2017

Nanoliposomal artemisinin for treatment of murine visceral leishmaniasis

Dr. Farhat Afrin

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a fatal, vector borne tropical disease caused by intracellular protozoa of the genus Leishmania. In the absence of vaccines, chemotherapy remains the main armament in control of VL, a neglected disease of poverty.

Published on 27 April 2017

Nanomaterials for Photocatalytic, Microwave dielectric and Fuel cell Applications

Dr. Masood Ahmad

Homogeneous nano crystalline NiO-Ce0.9Ln0.1O2-d (Ln = La, Sm and Gd and Pr) composite anode and nano crystalline Ce0.9Gd0.1O2-d electrolyte material has been successfully synthesized by citrate precursor method.

Published on 27 April 2017

SUN project: An integrated approach for safer nanotechnology innovation

Dr. Danail Hristozov

Significant uncertainties around the environmental and health risks from manufactured nanomaterials (Title: MN) may result in stagnation of nanotechnology innovation.

Published on 27 April 2017

Synchrotron SAXS of collagen biomaterials for industrial applications

Dr. Katie Sizeland

The research advances basic knowledge by revealing the structural basis of materials properties, boosts understanding which improves industrial processes control, and then informs the development of improved new materials.

Published on 27 April 2017

The effect of polysulfide-conjugation on the stability and activity of lysozyme

Ms. Farah El Mohtadi

Enzyme replacement therapies (ERT) are used to treat lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) and are some of the most expensive treatments available today. Examples of LSDs include Gaucher’s disease (GD), Hunter’s disease and Fabry’s disease (FD).

Published on 27 April 2017

Study and characterization of thin films of Sno2: F

Ms. Kelthoum Khammar

The present work reports a further study; of an experimental deposition of thin films produced by spraying a solution of SnO2 / F from dechlorinate dimethyl tin and hydrofluoric acid.

Published on 27 April 2017

Positively Charged Lipid Bilayer as AFM Substrate

Ms Laila Balobaid

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a surface-probing technique that can image biomolecules at subnanometre resolution under near-physiological conditions, i.e., in aqueous solution.

Published on 27 April 2017

Programmed Assembly of DNA Block Copolymer Nanorods

Ms. Shayma Habboush

We report programmed assembly of DNA block copolymer nanoparticles into one dimensional nanorods that can be used as hardware for nano-electronic devices and biosensors.

Published on 27 April 2017

Augmented Alveolar Corticotomy and Accelerated Orthodontics: In-vivo Tissue Engineering

Dr. Donald J. Ferguson

Outpatient surgical injury of cortical alveolar bone combined with augmentation bone grafting is called Periodontally Accelerated Osteogenic Orthodontics (PAOO) and is most recognized for reducing active orthodontic treatment times 3X to 4X times (6 months instead of 2 to 3 years).

Published on 27 April 2017

The Regentime Procedure for Organ Regeneration, Transplantation of Mobilized Autologous Adult Bone Marrow Derived Human Progenitor Cells Incubated with Organ-Specific- Xeno-Ultra- Filtrates

Dr. Nassim Abi Chahine

Over a period of seven years, three hundreds patients with different chronic disorders were monitored after the treatment with autologous bone marrow derived stem cells. Our field of study covered a wide range of diseases and multiple protocols were developed and explored

Published on 27 April 2017

Creating organs using nature own scaffolding matrix and human stem cells

Dr. Suchitra S-Holgersson

Different pathological conditions such as congenital organ absence, severe organ injuries, end-stage organ failure and malignancy-related organ removal, have few effective therapeutic options apart from a whole organ transplant, that, however, often meets with a serious shortage of suitable donor organs.

Published on 27 April 2017

25 years in Isolation and Clinical Transplantation of Human Hepatocytes

Dr.Roberto Gramignoli

Hepatocyte transplantation (HTx) has been gaining acceptance for the treatment of liver diseases.

Published on 27 April 2017

Can Epigenetic Modifiers Advance the Stem Cell Differentiation

Dr. Ahmed Taher El-Serafy

Epigenetic modifiers are those chemical able to affect the epigenetic signature of the genome and consequently the gene expression.

Published on 27 April 2017

Regenerative Medicine and Cell Based Therapy: The Future of Organ Transplant

Dr. Pradeep Mahajan

Organ replacement is gradually becoming commonplace in modern medicine.

Published on 27 April 2017

The use of Adipose Derived Stem Cells in regenerative medicine and their revolutionary approach

Dr. Giuseppe Mucci

Importance of Stem Cells in developing new therapies and approaches for functional restoration of defective tissue is constantly increasing.

Published on 27 April 2017

Regenerative Medicine and its usage in modern hair transplant surgery

Dr. Sajjad Khan

Dr. Sajjad Khan is the Director of ILHT International and Diplomat American Board of Hair Restorative Surgery with a 20 years of experience in Hair Transplant.

Published on 27 April 2017

Twenty-six Years of Experience on Stem Cell Transplantation In Iran

Dr. Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh

From March 1991 to Oct., 21, 2016, a total of 5777 of hematopoietic stem cell transplantations (HSCTs) were performed in the Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation Research Center, affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

Published on 27 April 2017

Strategies to increase the amount of living kidney donation. The first kidney paired donation and chain kidney paired donation in Poland - single centre experience

Rafal Kieszek

As compared with the results of kidney transplantation procured from deceased donors, kidneys harvested from living organ donor provide better graft outcome.

Published on 28 April 2017

Case report: Renal Cell Carcinoma of first Kidney Allograft in transplanted recipient for second time

Dr. Hind Hassan Al Nour

After kidney transplantation, the use of immunosuppression therapy for the preservation of kidney function increase the incidence of malignancies in transplant recipients compared with that of the general population.

Published on 28 April 2017

Joint-preserving regenerative therapy using controlled release of rhFGF-2 for patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

Dr. Yutaka Kuroda

For many years, minimally invasive joint-preserving regenerative therapy has been desired for the early stages of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH).

Published on 28 April 2017

Knowledge and attitudes towards organ donation among adults population in Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia

Saud Yaseen Bin Saleem

Organ transplantation is a life saving treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure.

Published on 28 April 2017

Brain-stem death and Organ Transplantation in the Laws of UAE

Dr. Fawzi Benomran

The definition of death and the subject of Organ Transplantation have been addressed in Law No. 4 of 2016, and Law No. 5 of 3016. Law No. 4 of 2016 replaced a pre-existing Law, namely Law No. 10 of 2008.

Published on 28 April 2017

Stem cells: Journey towards clinical translation

Dr. Basan Gowda S Kurkalli

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a major stem cells source for cellular therapy, used in clinical applications for almost a decade.

Published on 28 April 2017

Pediatric kidney transplantation in UAE

Dr. Zubaida M N Alismaili

End Stage Renal Diseases kidney disease is a devastating condition that has a major impact on the patients, caregivers and the healthcare system.

Published on 28 April 2017

Hand-assisted laparoscopic donornephrectomy

Dr. Mirza M. Idu

Living donor kidney transplantation is the preferred treatment for end-stage renal disease.

Published on 28 April 2017

The Role of Active Tetrapeptide of Pregnancy Specific Glycoprotein in Including Immunotolerance of Skin Allograft in Mice

Dr. Ruslan Alikhanov

Pregnancy specific glycoproteins (PSGs) are synthesized by the placenta at the onset of pregnancy and are believed to play a role in maintaining a tolerogenic immune environment to prevent rejection of the fetus by the maternal immune system.

Published on 28 April 2017

Normothemic machine perfusion of liver grafts promotes the liver regeneration and inhibits tissue inflammation

Dr. Wayel Jassem

In liver transplantation ischaemia / reperfusion (I/R) injury is associated with an inflammatory response, which has an impact on graft and patient outcome.

Published on 28 April 2017

Refractory anemia due to Parvovirus B19 infection in a renal transplant recipient

Dr. Dhanya Mohan

Post transplant anemia is a common occurrence in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs).

Published on 28 April 2017

The International Genetics & Translational Research in Transplantation Network (iGeneTRAiN)

Dr. Brendan Keating

To date over 650,000 solid-organ transplants have been conducted in the United States alone with estimates of approximately 4 million transplants performed worldwide.

Published on 28 April 2017

Excluded from Hope: The Tragic Story of a Young Man With “Very Short Bowel” Syndrome

Dr. Irene Christodoulou

Irene Christodoulou is a Consultant in General Surgery at G.PAPANIKOLAOU HOSPITAL, THESSALONIKI, GREECE, B' SURGICAL DEPARTMENT, Greece. She is the 1ST Prize winner for the Best Poster in the Panhellenic Congress of Laparoscopic Surgery, Ioannina, Greece. She has done MD from Aristotle University of Thessaloniki MD, Medical School in 1994. She is a member of Hellenic Society of Surgery, Hellenic Society of Breast Surgery, International Society of Surgery, European Society for the Study of Liver, International Society of HPB Surgery.

Published on 28 April 2017

FOXP3+ regulatory T cell mediated microvascular recovery in the mouse model of airway allografts

Dr. Mohammad Afzal Khan

Microvascular loss may be a root cause of chronic rejection in lung transplants, which leads to the bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Previous research implicates T regulatory cell (Tregs) as a key component of immune modulation.

Published on 28 April 2017

Correlation of Pretransplant Trough Tacrolimus Level with Early Acute Rejection in Live Donor Renal Transplantation

Dr Manish Tripathi

Acute Rejection is the key mediators of long term graft loss. So we aimed the present study to assess the correlation of baseline pre transplant trough tacrolimus level with early rejection.

Published on 28 April 2017

The Myth of Sub-clinical Rejection: where we are?

Prof. Basset El Essawy

The presence of lymphocytic infiltration in solid organ transplantation has been defined as acute cellular rejection when it is associated with graft dysfunction and subclinical rejection (SCAR) when the graft function is quiescent.

Published on 28 April 2017

Stomach Stem Cells: From Basic Biology to Tissue Engineering

Prashanth Saseedharan

The wall of the stomach body contains numerous tubular glands lined by a heterogeneous population of cells producing mucus, acid, pepsinogen and various hormones/peptides.

Published on 28 April 2017

Development of a chemically modified protein-based microbicides for prevention of HIV sexual transmission and treatment of HPV infection

Dr. Shibo Jiang

HIV transmission through sexual contact has accounted for more than 90% of the new HIV infection in China in recent years and development of effective and safe microbicides is urgently needed to prevent sexual transmission of HIV

Published on 05 May 2017

Broad HIV-1 inhibition in vitro by vaccine-elicited CD8+ T cells in African adults

Dr. Tomas Hanke

We are developing a pan-clade HIV-1 T-cell vaccine HIV consv, which could complement Env vaccines for prophylaxis and be key to HIV cure. Our strategy focuses vaccine-elicited effector T-cells on functionally and structurally conserved regions (not full-length proteins and not epitopes) of the HIV-1 proteome, which are common to most global variants and which, if mutated, cause a replicative fitness loss.

Published on 05 May 2017

Prevalence and risk factors of Chlamydia Infection in Hong Kong: A population-based, geospatial household survey

Dr. William C. W. Wong

Chlamydia causes infertility and increases the risk of HIV infection, and population-based studies provide essential information for effective infection control and prevention.

Published on 05 May 2017

HIV/AIDS: Oral lesions from a South Indian Cohort HIV/AIDS: Oral lesions from a South Indian Cohort

Dr. K. Ranganathan

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection /Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), earlier considered as a major health problem to cause fatal illness, is today considered to be a chronic manageable condition.

Published on 05 May 2017

Clinical profile and spectrum of enteric pathogens in pediatric HIV/AIDS cases with diarrhea from a tertiary care hospital

Dr. Arun Kumar Jha

Infection with enteric pathogens is a major cause of diarrhea in HIV positive children especially in developing countries.

Published on 05 May 2017

Personalizing the treatment of HIV/AIDS patients: A focus on Pharmacogenomics

Dr. Mirza R. Baig

Although AIDS is not generally considered a genetic disease, the considerable heterogeneity in the epidemic is at least partially determined by variants in genes that moderate virus replication and immunity.

Published on 05 May 2017

Awareness of HIV/AIDS among Female Students Attending College of Applied Medical Sciences at Taif University

Dr. Rana Zaini

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the causative agent of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) that has no cure at present.

Published on 05 May 2017

Challenging for health service system to increase VCT uptake among KAPs in Thailand

Dr. Bang-on Thepthien

Key affected population (KAPs) is main target of Thai National AIDS Plan in the budget year of 2012-2016. Increasing VCT uptake among this group will lead to early diagnosis and treatment. In order to achieve the VCT coverage.

Published on 05 May 2017

Communal Living in African Cultural Context influencing the Care of Children Living with HIV and AIDS

Mr. Godwin Achema

The communal African way of life can influence the care of children within the cultural framework.

Published on 05 May 2017

Treatment of parasitic infection in HIV-1 co-infected patients decrease HIV plasma load

Dr. Hafiz Ahmad

It is recognized that HIV progression to AIDS is facilitated by a chronic immuneactivation characterized by accelerated depletion of CD4+T cells and increase of viral load.

Published on 05 May 2017

Prevalence and Risk Factor of HIV among Female Sex Worker in Chittagong, Bangladesh

Dr.Mohammad Borhan Uddin

Bangladesh maintained a low HIV prevalence for years less than 1 %.

Published on 05 May 2017

Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported STIs among HIV-positive individuals aged 15-49 years in Rwanda

Dr. Justine Umutesi

Data shows a strong association between sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with co-infection accelerating the progression of HIV and increasing the risk of HIV transmission.

Published on 05 May 2017

Surface Thermodynamics Appproch to the Interactions to the Interactions between Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Blood Cells Treated with Antiretroviral Drugs

Dr. Okwuchukwu Ani

The interaction processes in HIV-drug coated blood interactions were determined by using Hamaker coefficient approach as a thermodynamic tool.

Published on 05 May 2017

Surface Energetics Approach: Application to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis – Macrophage Interactions

Dr. Chukwuneke Jeremiah Lekwuwa

This research work presents the surface thermodynamics approach to M-TB/HIV-Human sputum interactions.

Published on 05 May 2017

One Stop Shop Model of Care for individuals and Families Living with HIV

Dr. Abeer Daoud Khayat

Human immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV) is increasingly recognized as an illness that affects the whole family, and not just the individual.

Published on 05 May 2017

Effect of stigma and discrimination toward access to HIV counseling and testing uptake among KAPs

Ms. Lubna Altaf Hussain

Key affected populations are vulnerable group due to social and institutional rejection and discrimination.

Published on 05 May 2017

Prevalence and factors associated with hepatitis B and C infection in persons living with HIV enrolled in care in Rwanda

Dr. Justine Umutesi

Hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) are important causes of morbidity and mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV).

Published on 05 May 2017

A Study on Knowledge and Awareness of Male Students of the College of Applied Medical Science at Taif University

Dr. Rana Ghazi Zaini

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was identified in 1981, among homosexuals in the United State of America, since that time more than 60 million individuals were living with this disorder.

Published on 05 May 2017

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii among AIDS Patients in Saudi Arabia

Dr. Haytham

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an intracellular parasite mainly found in the central nervous system CNS, however, it can persist in multiple tissues in the body.

Published on 05 May 2017

Prospective cohort study of dental implant success rate in patients with AIDS

Mr. Michael Clay May

Oral health care of patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a growing area of concern, taking into consideration the increased life expectancy of patients resulting from antiretroviral therapy.

Published on 05 May 2017

Upscaling SRHRR (SEXUAL REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH & REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS) Among Adolescents and Young People In Rural Zimbabwe

Mr. Mthandazo Khumalo

Since the global community is making progress towards 90 90 90 fast track targets by 2020, there is a challenge of ensuring that young people and adolescents receive SRHR quality knowledge and services.

Published on 05 May 2017

Nanomedicine: Research and Practice

Dr. Vijay K. Varadan

Nanomedicine is generally defined as the medical applications of nanotechnology. Nanomedicine consists of five primary branches, including nanodiagnosis, nanopharmaceutics, implantable nanomaterials, implantable nanodevices, and nanosurgery. Before nanome

Published on 09 May 2017

How can we improve on treatment of cancer cachexia?

Dr. Thomas E. Adrian

Cachexia is a major complication of cancer and most patients are cachectic towards the end of life.

Published on 11 May 2017

Alpha-Methyl-L-tryptophan as a novel, dual-target, anticancer drug for multiple cancer types

Dr. Vadivel Ganapathy

-Methyl-L-tryptophan (-MLT) is currently used in tracer quantities in humans as a PET (positron emission tomography) probe in 11C-labeled form to study the status of serotonergic neurons in the brain. As it is a tryptophan derivative, it crosses the blood-brain barrier via the amino acid transporter LAT1 (SLC7A5) and is taken up into serotonergic neurons for subsequent conversion into -methyl serotonin.

Published on 11 May 2017

Immunotherapy of Advanced stage invariably Drugs Resistant Cancers

Dr. G. P. Talwar

Cancer is accounting for increasing number of deaths in all countries.

Published on 11 May 2017

A New Mechanism of Action for Drugs Used to Treat Multiple Sclerosis for Cancer

Dr. Azzam A. Maghazachi

Purpose/Objectives: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease, whereas cancer develops in immunodeficient individuals.

Published on 11 May 2017

Methylglyoxal: a unique molecule for cancer therapy

Dr. Manju Ray

Methylglyoxal (MG), a ketoaldehyde, has been known for anti-cancer and growth regulatory properties exclusively in malignant cells without affecting normal cells.

Published on 11 May 2017

A Computer-Aided Brain Tumor Detection Approach with Learning Vector Quantization (Lvq) Method

Mr. Berkan URAL

Brain tumor is one of the major problems in transience among children and adults.

Published on 11 May 2017

Intra-operative cell salvage use in ovarian cancer surgery

Dr. KhadraGalaal

Intraoperative cell salvage (IOCS) involves the separation, centrifugation, washing and reinfusion into the patient’s blood.

Published on 11 May 2017

Lived Experiences of "Illness Uncertainty" of Iranian Cancer Patients: A Phenomenological Hermeneutic Study

Dr. Moosa Sajjadi

For cancer patients, uncertainty is a pervasive experience and a major psychological stressor that affects many aspects of their lives.

Published on 11 May 2017

Advances in Radiation Oncology: Spot-Scanning Proton Arc (SPArc) Therapy

Dr. Peyman Kabolizadeh

Dr. Peyman Kabolizadeh carried out his Proton Therapy Fellowship, Harvard Medical School, Mass General Hospital, Boston, MA. Later he started working as an Assistant Professor, Radiation Oncologist, Beaumont Health, Royal Oak; MI. has many honors and awards. Presently he is working as Proton Fellowship Program Director.

Published on 11 May 2017

Huge Bilateral Mature Cystic Teratoma in Adolescence: A Case Report & Review of Literature

Dr. Sameer Ghazi Hamadeh

Mature cystic teratoma is a benign tumor of the ovary arising from germ cells. It can occur at any age but, commonly in patients between 20 and 40 years.

Published on 11 May 2017

Modulation of MUC-1 by vitamin D in pancreatic cancer

Dr. Sangeeta Choudhury

Over the years, pancreatic cancer has been established as a complicated disease with poor prognosis and survival rate.

Published on 11 May 2017

Multidisciplinary management of hepatoblastoma in children: Experience from a developing country

Dr. Vimal Kumar

Advances in chemotherapy, liver resection techniques and pediatric liver transplantation have vastly improved survival in children with hepatoblastoma (HB).

Published on 11 May 2017

Moringa Oleifera L and its anticancer fractions

Dr. Praveen T.K.

The n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol extracts of the M. oleifera leaves and 15 fractions (F1 to F15) of ethyl acetate extract were evaluated for their in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity using Hep-2 cell lines and Dalton’s lymphoma as cites model in mice, respectively.

Published on 11 May 2017

Synthesis of some novel 1,3,4-Thiadiazole derivatives as possible anticancer agents

Dr. B. Gowramma

The objective of the study was to synthesize series of 2-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-N'-[5-substituted phenyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl]acetohydrazide and evaluated for their possible in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity against DLA cell line.

Published on 11 May 2017

Anticancer and apoptotic effect of compounds from medicinal Plants on lung cancer cells

Dr. Biba Vikas

Natural products represent rich and largely untapped reservoirs of structural and chemical diversity for the discovery of drugs with potent applications in the treatment of diseases.

Published on 11 May 2017

Clinic pathological profile of Hepatoblastoma: an experience from a tertiary care centre in India

Dr. B. Archana

Primary hepatic malignancies account for 0.5-2% of all solid tumours in childhood. Hepatoblastoma is the most common primary hepatic malignancy in the pediatric age group.

Published on 11 May 2017

Cervical cancer screening- new insights

Dr. K. Sujathan

Despite drastic decrease in the incidence of cervical cancer in countries that have adopted Pap smear screening programme, it is still one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in women with 529,800 new cases worldwide annually.

Published on 11 May 2017

Characterizing a biomarker of pan-cancer importance for use in biofluid diagnostics

Dr. Laura Elnitski

Cancer diagnostics is moving into an area of noninvasive screening and rapid detection through the emerging technologies of blood-based assays and DNA sequencing.

Published on 11 May 2017

Anti-angiogenesis effect of Moringa oleifera L.in Chick Chorioallantoic Membrane (CAM) Angiogenesis Assays

Mr. Pachava Vengal Rao

The aetiology of cancer involves a multitude of biochemical and path physiological abnormalities, caused as a result of various genetic and environmental factors making it challenging to bring out an effective therapy. Amongst these, angiogenesis portrays a crucial role in the survival and subsequent metastases of tumors, eventually making it a target for anti-cancer drug discovery.

Published on 11 May 2017

Postmastectomy pain syndrome and procedural techniques in the treatment of mastectomy related pain

Dr. Seyed-Masoud Hashemi

Postmastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) is a type of chronic neuropathic pain disturbance that can occur sunsequent breast cancer procedures, solely those operations that remove tissue in the upper outer quadrant of the breast and/or axilla, in the absence of an infection or recurrence.

Published on 11 May 2017

Evaluation of Spiritual Needs of Newly Diagnosed Patients with Advanced Breast Cancer at Mansoura University, Egypt

Prof. Dr. Karima Elshamy

Despite the evidence supporting spiritual care in nursing and an increased quality of life among patients, patients feel that their spiritual needs are not being supported by medical professionals.

Published on 11 May 2017

Epimutations in Cancer

Dr. Nezami

In most cases, cancer develops as a result of non-inheritable somatic mutations (epimutations), acquired by the individual adult cell, during the evolution of the cell, and propagated into an expanding clone of progeny of the cells by natural selection.

Published on 11 May 2017

Intensive oral care in cancer treatment; the neglected part

Dr. Arghavan Tonkaboni

Cancer and malignancies are one of the worldwide problems which can induced oral complications due to cancer treatments like chemotherapy, radiotherapy and bone marrow transplantation.

Published on 11 May 2017

Design of a Novel Protein to Protect Telomere against Terf2: A Tremendous Appproch towards Cancer Therapy

Mr. M.I. Haseemdeen

The telomere is a repeated nucleotide sequence, namely TTAGGG, found at the end of a chromosome which manipulates cell growth and stability.

Published on 11 May 2017

Retinoblastoma - pattern, presentation and management – a quintessential experience of 5 years

Dr. Anvesh Karthik Yalavarthy

Retinoblastoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy of childhood.

Published on 11 May 2017

Relationship between oncology nurses'39; spiritual wellbeing, religiosity and their attitudes towards spiritual care providing based on Neumann’s Systems Model

Mr. Khorami Markani A

Attention to spiritual care causes improvement in the cancer patients’ physical, psychological and social dimensions.

Published on 11 May 2017

Understanding the dynamics of tumor microenvironment using humanized zebrafish tumor xenograft systems

Dr. Vinoth Sittaramane

Present day cancer incidence and mortality rates indicate the need for effective cancer diagnostic tools and targeted cancer therapeutic strategies.

Published on 11 May 2017

Recent advances in the management of hepatoblastomas

Juluis Scott

Hepatoblastomas (HB) constitutes 1% of childhood cancers, usually occurs in children aged between 6 months and 3 years, but cases in neonates and adolescents have been reported rarely.

Published on 11 May 2017

The clinic pathological features, results and outcome of Askin tumor with assessment of early and late postoperative complications following resection and chest wall reconstruction

Dr. Bahaa E. A. Mahmoud

Askin tumor is a primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the Ewing sarcoma family arising from soft tissues of the chest wall.

Published on 11 May 2017

Accurate reporting of chest radiographs by radiologists to detect lung cancer - A clinical Audit

Mr. Mahwish Karim

Chest radiography is a valuable tool for diagnosing lung cancer. Plain chest radiograph is a noninvasive technique which delivers low radiation dose and is widely available.

Published on 11 May 2017

KLF9-TXNRD2 AXIS in Regulation of Oxidative and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stresses

Ms. Sudha Moparthy

Ms. Sudha Moparthy carried her M.S in Biographychemistry and Environmental, Safety & Occupational Health Management. Later she started working as a Research Associate in Internal Medicine- Pulmonary & Critical Care at University of Michigan. Presently she is working as a Research Associate in Department of Cell Stress Biographylogy at Roswell Park Cancer Institute, New York.

Published on 11 May 2017

Perception of Prophylactic Mastectomy among Breast Cancer Patients and Their Relatives, Saudi Arabia

Ms. Doaa Alayed

Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women worldwide with the second highest mortality rates among all cancers.

Published on 11 May 2017

ABSCESS to ALKS

Dr. Nandhini

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare large cell, malignant non Hodgkin lymphoma, accounts for 10-15% of pediatric NHL, characterized by expansion of pleomorphic large lymphoid cells, expressing the CD30 antigen.

Published on 11 May 2017

Role of GSTM1 & GSTT1 gene polymorphism in susceptibility to acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Ms. Naveena Shri S

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) characterized by proliferation of immature B or T cells in bone marrow, Lymphnodes, spleen & blood remains the leading cause of cancer related death in children. Many polymorphisms in the genes coding for xenoBiographytic metabolizing enzymes (XME) has been identified and studies have reported significant association with the gene variation and enzyme activity.

Published on 11 May 2017

Primary B cell CNS lymphoma in animmunocompetent adolescent boy

Dr. B. Hemaswetha

Primary central nervous system non-hodgkinlymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare malignant tumor limited to the cranio-spinal axis, accounting for fewer than 5% of all cases of primary intracranial neoplasms.

Published on 11 May 2017

The Quality Evolution: The Convergence of Public Health, Population Health, and Precision Medicine

Dr. David Keleti

Public health — "what we as a society do collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy.”[1]Population health — "an approach [that] focuses on interrelated conditions and factors that influence the health of populations over the life course."[2]”

Published on 10 May 2017

Fucosylated Solid lipid nanoparticle of proteasome inhibitor for the treatment of temozolomide resistant Glioblastoma multiform

Mr. Pavan Kumar C.

Mr. Pavan Kumar Chintamaneni obtained his Bachelors degree & Masters degree form Andhra University, Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Later heworked as a assistant professor in Aditya Pharmacy College, suramplaem. Presently he is working as a research scholar in JSS College of pharmacy, Ooty, India.

Published on 11 May 2017

Nonselective phosphodiesterase inhibition protects against chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy in mice and potentiates its apoptotic activity in colorectal adenocarcinoma

Mr. P.S.S Saikiran

Oxaliplatin (OXA) is a third-generation platinum based anticancer agent. OXA is widely used in treatment of advanced colorectal cancer.

Published on 11 May 2017

Effect of Triterpene Fraction of Cucumistrigonus on Apoptosis, Cell Cycle Arrest and Cell Proliferation in Cancer Cells

Ms.Sandhya Chipurupalli

Taxol based combination chemotherapy remains the predominant treatment for cancer.

Published on 11 May 2017

Selective killing of cancer cells by fruit extract of Cucumistrigonus: Components and its in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo studies

Ms. Santilna

The present study was carried out to determine the antitumor activity of Cucumistrigonus fruits extracts against cancer cell lines namely Heal, HEp-2, A-549, MCF-7, MDA-MB 231, HT-29 and C-6 and two normal (L-929, Vero) cell lines.

Published on 11 May 2017

Microcystins Threat Human Health

Dr. Fei Yang

Microcystins (MCs) pose great threat to human health, which are a group of cyclic hepatotoxic peptides produced by freshwater cyanobacteria etc.[1]. MCs can damage the liver, colorectal, brain, small intestines, lungs and kidney [2]. This paper elucidated the effects and some toxic mechanisms of MCs on human health.

Published on 10 May 2017

Evaluation of anticancer and antioxidant potentials of Cyperusrotandus Linn

Mr. Vedpal

The global burden of cancer has been increasing day to day, the increasing rate of mortality associated with the existing conventional cancer therapyist he driving factor forth discovery of the new anticancer agents derived from plants is currently under investigation.

Published on 12 May 2017

Pediatric inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors of larynx: two case reports varying clinical presentation

Dr.Jaichandrika

Inflammatory myo-fibroblastic tumor (IMFT) is a rare tumor of intermediate malignant potential.

Published on 12 May 2017

Radiation-Induced Angiosarcoma after Recurrent Epithelioid Sarcoma

Mr. Christopher Holbrook

We add to the literature a case report of a 44-year-old man with a history of recurrent lower extremity epitheloid sarcoma that was treated with surgical resections and radiation, with subsequent development of angiosarcoma in the ipsilateral extremity.

Published on 12 May 2017

Conjugates of PAMAM dendrimers with doxorubicin and vector protein decrease survival of cancer cells demonstrating resistance to traditional anticancer agents in vitro

Ms.Selivanova Elena

Development of new systems for selective transport оf anticancer agents in tumor cells on the base of dendritic polymers (dendrimers) is appeared to be one of the most effective approaches to overcome cancer chemo resistance associated with the existence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) and multidrug resistance (MDR).

Published on 12 May 2017

How outreach learning at authentic waste management environments interacts with cognitive knowledge dimensions

Worldwide, approximately 3.5 million tons of waste are produced daily, and just about half of this amount is committed to recycling or reuse. As individuals too often are still unaware about their waste contribution, this remains an important issue in formal and informal education.

Published on 06 April 2017

Precision Medicine: Blending Genes with Medicine

Mr. M Muzafar Beigh

A visionary approach to predict, prevent and treat various diseases were unveiled by many world leaders. The main aim of precision medicine is to ensure that each patients should receive right treatment, at right time and of right dose with marginal side effects and with highest effectiveness.

Published on 15 May 2017

Application of Infrared Probe Technique to Structural Analysis of Amyloid Fibril

Dr. Gang Ma

Amyloid formation is an abnormal protein aggregation process, through which the aggregated proteins form a unique type of fibrillar aggregates termed as amyloid fibril [1]. The basic structural unit of amyloid fibril is composed of two interdigitated beta sheets.

Published on 19 May 2017

Model for Quantitative Estimation of Partition Coefficient of NAD+ and NADH in Nafion Membranes

Dr. Piyush Kar

Quantification of partition coefficient for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) and NADH in Nafion membranes, of protonated and deprotonated types, reveal an order of magnitude increase of NAD+ partition coefficient.

Published on 19 May 2017

Energy generation from urban organic waste by anaerobic digestion method

Dr. Amin Mousavi Khaneghah

In order to perform the evaluation of biogas production using one-step anaerobic digestion at pilot-scale was established using three different treatments that were defined as organic waste without cow manure (OWWM), cow manure without organic waste (MWM) & a mixture of cow manure-organic waste (OWAM).

Published on 18 May 2017

Capillary zone electrophoresis-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry is ready for large-scale proteomics

Dr. Liangliang Sun

Capillary zone electrophoresis-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (CZE-ESI-MS/MS) has re-attracted great attentions for large-scale proteomics. The state-of-the-art CZE-MS/MS can routinely approach micro-liter scale loading capacity, over 2-hour separation window and 10,000 peptide identifications from complex proteome samples. It is ready for large-scale proteomics.

Published on 25 May 2017

Coastal marine activities and coral cover at three tropical coral reefs around an oceanic island, Mauritius

Dr. Ranjeet Bhagooli

A study on marine resources (mainly coral reefs) at three selected coastal sites namely Belle Mare (BM), Flic-en- Flac (FEF) and Grand Baie (GB) around Mauritius Island (using mapping and verification survey tools). A fascinating piece of work which presents valuable insights for sustainable coastal development.

Published on 31 May 2017

Vaccination with recombinant Streptococcus uberis Adhesion Molecule alters immune response to experimental challenge

Dr Gina Pighetti

Streptococcus uberis Adhesion Molecule (SUAM) enables S. uberis infection of the bovine mammary gland. Our objective was to evaluate responses to experimental intramammary challenge with S. uberis in Holstein cows following vaccination with recombinant(r) SUAM.

Published on 15 May 2017

A systematic review study on common determinants of smoking among Pacific countries

Dr. Masoud Mohammadnezhad

The high prevalence of smoking and its adverse health consequences are known as one of the main public health issues worldwide. Smoking is currently responsible for the deaths of one in ten adults, worldwide. The current and increasing trend of smoking in Pacific countries beats the bell to health planners to prevent smoking through recognizing its determinants.

Published on 16 June 2017

Antimicrobials in food and the role of Bacteriocins

Dr. Giorgia Caruso

At present, the food business is compelled to tackle different challenges with relation to food safety, consumers’ demands, and new regulatory norms on the international level. In particular, the consumers’ awareness for natural healthy products has increased, but at the same time food industry has to face risks deriving from microbial contaminations.

Published on 26 June 2017

Metabolic alterations in Mexican young adults: sensitivity and specificity approaches between anthropometric parameters and biochemical markers

Dr. Teresa Garcia-Gasca Dr. Carlos F. Sosa–Ferreyra Dr. Roberto Reyes-Marquez

Previous studies have shown important prevalence for low-HDL, hypertriglyceridemia and insulin resistance in young adults between 17 to 25 years old, including normal BMI subjects.

Published on 21 June 2017

Chester Smiles: A Collaborative Public Health Initiative to Improve Dental Care in an Underserved Community

This community-based, one-year follow-up study analyzes Chester Smiles, a health plan-supported dental initiative aiming to improve access and quality of dental care in an underserved community. The program leverages relationships with regional public health stakeholders and supports mobile dental care delivery in Chester, Pennsylvania, USA.

Published on 26 June 2017

Acquisition of complete information in the analysis of protein-protein interactions

Dr. Tim Xing

Proteins and their intricate network of interactions are the mainstay of any cellular process. Historically, yeast two-hybrid, bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays and bioluminescence resonance energy transfer greatly contributed to our understanding of biomolecule interactions in early days.

Published on 10 July 2017

Are you still watching | Correlations between binge TV watching, diet and physical activity

Dr. Lori Andersen Spruance

Sedentary behavior can increase risk of chronic disease. Online streaming of television (TV) has increased in popularity, yet may increase a sedentary lifestyle among young adults. This study investigated self-reported demographic characteristics and obesogenic behaviors among college students who reported binge watching TV and those who did not.

Published on 14 July 2017

Biofilm formation ability and genotypic analysis of Streptococcus uberis isolated from bovine mastitis

Dr. Elina Beatriz Reinoso

Bovine mastitis is an important problematic in the dairy industry all over the world.Streptococcus uberis is a prevalent environmental pathogen implicated in bovine mastitis able to produce biofilm. The aim of this study was assay 28 S. uberis collected from cows with mastitis in Argentina in respect to their biofilm formation ability.

Published on 03 July 2017

As 3 Global Commons Converge a New Paradigm Emergesin Space-Based Maritime Situational Awareness

Mr. Geo. Guy Thomas

In the 21st century it is widely recognized that there are four global commons where all nations of the world meet and interact, thus all nations have a stake in seeing that there is order in them.

Published on 17 July 2017

Introduction to innovations in Marine Science for Corals, Fisheries and Coastal Restoration improving resiliency & productive capacity.

Dr. Leonard Sonnenschein

Since, 1996 Laboratories at the World Aquarium in St.Louis, Missouri USA have looked at various aspects of coral biology and ecology with focus on establishing knowledge of essential micronutrients for the health of the corals.

Published on 17 July 2017

Linking the Land to the Sea Relationships: Building agricultural productive capacity, reducing pollution and restoring crucial nutrients for ecosystem recovery

Dr. Leonard Sonnenschein

Historically we have understood the water cycle as the process of rain falling to the land and with water coalescing to streams and rivers and running back to the ocean with evapo- transpiration occurring all the time, but mostly at the ocean level with the water returning to the sky to begin the process all over.

Published on 18 July 2017

Emerging Technologies For Marine Species Research And Conservation

Dr. Stephen G. Dunbar

Emerging technologies in various fields of marine research are increasing and improving the ability for data collection and analysis at both local and global scales. In the area of marine turtle research and conservation, new innovations based on current and developing information technologies.

Published on 18 July 2017

Marine Pharmaceutical Research in Mauritius: New perspective for anticancer therapeutics.

Dr.Theeshan Bahorun

The marine biome has recently emerged as an untapped reservoir for the bio-prospection of structurally unique and pharmacologically active natural products. In this vein, ongoing studies aim to explore the prophylactic potentials of selected Mauritian marine floras and faunas that can spawn potential avenues in the global hunt for novel anti-carcinogenic chemotherapeutics.

Published on 18 July 2017

Marine Algae Extract Promise Future Health Benefits Ingredients: An Untapped Resource for Biomedical Application

Dr.Sreenivasan Sasidharan

There is currently an enormous surge of interest in the use of marine algae for biomedical application. The current research was conducted to evaluate the biomedical application of marine algae Gracilaria changii. Screening of the G. changii extract for antimicrobial activity showed that the extracts possesses significant antimicrobial activity.

Published on 18 July 2017

Field observations of impacts of local stressors on the thermally-robust coral Porites

Dr. Ranjeet Bhagooli

The massive coral Porites spp. has been reported to be thermally tolerant to bleaching linked to climate changedriven ocean warming. However, impacts of local stressors on Porites spp. are yet to be thoroughly understood.

Published on 18 July 2017

Evaluation of DNA Damage Induced by heavy metal in the lobster Panulirus homarus Through Comet Assay

Dr. S. L. Sasikala

Toxicity of heavy metals is discussed in detail. We are exposed to Aluminium through various sources such as drinking water, food and pharmaceutical products – medicines, antacids, vaccines, dialysis treatments etc. Aluminium toxicity causes chronic renal failure, neurofibrillary degeneration, damage of cholinergic system.

Published on 18 July 2017

Behavioral experiments on post-larval fishes in the north-eastern Corsican coast (Mediterranean Sea)

Ms. Amélie ROSSI

Demersal fish represent a very important part of coastal marine biodiversity.

Published on 18 July 2017