Peer review, also known as refereeing, is a synergic process that allows manuscripts submitted to a journal to be assessed and commented upon by independent experts within the same field of research.
The evaluation and critique generated from peer review brings authors with feedback to improve their work and critically, allows the editor to assess the paper’s propriety for publication in the journal.
There is a great deal of information out there on scientific topics. However, whether it can be trusted or not is a key issue at present. The main question that often emerges in this aspect is about the review process adopted to refine the articles for publication. One of the most admissible and proven process adopted in majority reputed international journals is peer reviewing.
The peer review process may adopt one of the following forms:
Under single-blind review the reviewer's name is not disclosed to the author.
Under double-blind review the identity of the reviewers and the authors are not disclosed to either party.
Under open review no identities are concealed; author and reviewer names are disclosed.
Under post-publication open review comments, normally mediated by the editor, can be posted by readers and reviewers after the article has been published.
Single- and double-blind review are still the most commonly used methods of peer review.
Peer review at CLYTO
At CLYTO, we believe that peer review is appropriate for evaluating the quality, validity and relevance of scholarly research. We work to establish and maintain peer review integrity through each journal's peer review procedures, to assure the published article is recognized as the final, definitive and citable version of Scholarly Record.
Our commitment is evidenced by this declaration of Peer Review Integrity, common to all our journals:
All published research articles in the journals undergo rigorous peer review, based on initial editor screening, anonymous refereeing by independent expert referees, and consistent revision by article authors when required. The published article constitutes the final, definitive, and citable version of Scholarly Record.
All manuscripts submitted to a CLYTO journal must be original contributions, and must not be under consideration for publication with another journal, nor have been previously published in part or whole.
Benefits of peer-review
Peer review has been an explicit part of scientific literature since the first scientific journals appeared more than 300 years ago. The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society is thought to be the first journal to formalize the peer review process.
Today, acceptance by peers and publication in a scientific journal continues to be the method through which authors register, validate, disseminate and archive their discoveries and results. The publication process and the speed at which articles are peer reviewed and published are key elements in the appropriate accreditation of scientific findings.
The publication of an article in a peer reviewed learned journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behaviour for all parties involved in the act of publishing.